Friday, June 28, 2013

Do not Overdo The Child Responding Error

Making mistakes is part of the journey of life and daily activities of every person, including children ages 3-5. So, it goes without excessive response to child errors, especially involving emotion.

That parents need to do is to guide the child to be able to determine fault or problem, also train children to consider, especially with regard to the behavior of others.

To bring this behavior, early parenting need to consistently introduce the norms and rules that apply in a social environment. Example, when feeding it with nipple biting hard, then she needs to tell him that it hurt. Do not assume the baby does not understand, he could understand by the expression, intonation, also shock you. Gradually she will understand, should not hurt others do.

As you age, the child will develop moral skills through observation to the surrounding environment. From there he will be aware of the moral norms of what happened, then he will also understand the cause-effect relationships. From here children will learn about morals.

So, do it quietly and do not involve emotion. Accept if the child is frightened and then menangis.Tenangkan first, then go back the discussion to resolve conflicts or problems that occur. The end goal is the son apologized for the mistakes that have been done and given that the behavior is not acceptable or unpleasant for others.

Stay focused on the behavior and causality. Give children the opportunity to express their opinions on a reason or behavior. Then have children think about the consequences to others and convey what should be done to improve his behavior.

No less important, the attitude and behavior must be shown to admit this mistake parents, caregivers, teachers, or any other person in front of children. Children learn by copying. If you are easy to say sorry, it will be easy and familiar children do.

Certainly not just say "sorry", the child should also be able to understand mistakes and not repeat them. In addition, parents also need to stimulate the rules and discipline applied by the home environment, school, and social child to minimize errors.

Tuesday, June 25, 2013

Want to eat? Train Children to Cook Instead of Buying

Cook your own meals can be done daily school-age children. Parents can begin teaching cooking to give confidence to the child. Thus, every time a child wants to eat, he can create by cooking at home, not a consumer by asking buy certain foods.

Professional Chef Indonesian cuisine Indonesian cuisine of Love (ACMI), Ade Suherman, coached his eldest son Muhammad Rizki Abadi (10) for cooking since the age of seven. According to him, children need to be trained to cook their own meals when the time comes. However, parents still need to adjust the cooking ability of the child, and still no supervision while cooking.

Although no supervision, he is familiarly called Herman's suggested should supervise children while cooking without showing excessive concern.

"We're cooking, chop onion Rizki never asked for my help. I let it hit his hand and finger knives, bloody but he remained silent. Then I was not reprimanded. In the kitchen there is a risk it will be like that, so do not worry too much," he said when met at the launch of the movement Dayakan Indonesia, in Jakarta.

Can parents do when cooking is to introduce children to train and teach you how to use a variety of cooking equipment. Including how to use a knife for example. Also Arm children with simple knowledge about cooking. For example, when exposed to splashes of oil frying, train children not to panic and not to be afraid exposed to splashes of oil. Once again, this is the risk of cooking. By getting used to, the child will be more confident.

Herman also advised to not judge young people make mistakes especially when comparing it to cook. Including when he made dishes failed. Precisely give good knowledge related to the cooking time so that the child tried to cook again, it will give you better results.

To train the cooking habits in children, you should choose simple dishes like stir.

Although not claim the child seems to be a chef, Herman admitted his eldest son is now able to cook their own meals. Start fried eggs, stir, fry chicken nuggets can. But Herman limit frying food because it is more risky for children.

Friday, June 21, 2013

4 Children Subscriptions Disease

World Health Organization (WHO) states, there are four health disorder that often affects children, the flu, sore throat, diarrhea, and typhoid. All of these health disorders related to the immune system. That is, if a weak immune system, children are particularly susceptible to the health problems. Therefore, be aware of these health problems will help the father-mother to keep her children to avoid. There are no health problems that are:

1. Flu
Often referred to as influenza. The cause is influenza virus. Symptoms begin with a cold, fever / high heat, boy chills, sore throat, muscle aches, and my eyes feel hot and red.

Most influenza will recover by itself (self-limited disease) as long as the child is resting a lot, take vitamin C, and given to drink that much. So, no need to rush to prescribe antibiotics. Fairly treated according to the symptoms. For example, if a fever, give fever. If cough, give cough medicine.

Given the airborne flu virus or sneezes, the child should wear a mask so that the virus is not transmitted through the air and spray saliva.

2. Laryngitis
Sore throat (pharyngitis) is an infection of the throat actually. Most attacking toddler age children and will attack when the immune system is not good, for example due to lack of rest. This disease is caused by a virus and transmitted through saliva grained (droplet) containing germs in the air and inhaled while breathing.

Symptoms, fever, sore throat, cough, muscle ached, a headache, and the tears, but no red eye. However, if exposed to light, the eyes will feel dazzled. Children usually become less activity, more silent, and sometimes cranky.

Incidence of sore throat fair between 6-7 times per year. If more than that, parents must be vigilant. Typically, this occurs in children who are allergic or less durability. In children with allergic or immune systems are less, susceptible to strep throat.

Generally strep throat can heal itself despite not treated, enough with plenty of rest and eat nutritious food. Usually symptomatic drug delivery of drugs to cope with the disturbance. When mild, sore throat need at least 3-5 days to cure. Antibiotics do when encountered sudden fever. There are enlarged lymph nodes around the neck, no detritus (color "white" in the throat), and an increase in white blood cells.

Prevention of sore throat is to keep children of people affected by strep throat. If not possible, the child can use the mask. In addition, provide nutritious food and adequate rest.

3. Diarrhea
Diarrhea when the child is said to defecate (BAB) is more than four times in a span of 24 hours or one CHAPTER diluted and sprayed (diarrhea). Diarrhea is one of the symptoms of the disorder or gastrointestinal infections. Typically, diarrhea associated with low levels of hygiene. The reason could be by rotavirus, bacterial, or material that is not needed by the body. Generally, due to rotavirus in through the mouth. Handling is not necessarily to give anti-diarrhea medication. Let the body remove these things from the body does not need.

During the last diarrhea, children should always receive nutrition and fluids. If it was a baby, give breast milk intake. Supply should be more than that released by the body. Also aids with administration of sugar-salt solution or ORS, or ORS special child. Give each child after diarrhea. Administration in children under 2 years 50-100 ml rehydration fluid or liquid household. Children under 10 years old give as much as 100-200 ml of fluid. At age 10 years and over, give as much fluid as desired.

During diarrhea, should avoid fruits, except bananas. Pectin substances in bananas believed to harden stools. How that is done is to prevent children from dehydration and improve endurance. Child's body is expected to be able to destroy its own illness.

If the diarrhea of ​​the day it makes the child look weak, not passionate, BAB is always liquid and sprayed, immediately bolt to the nearest hospital, especially if the mucus or bloody stools (even if only in the form of patches or spots).

Prevention of diarrhea to always maintain personal hygiene and the environment is to get children to wash hands before and after meals. Wash your hands at least 20 seconds using soap and running water. Keep your child's eating and drinking utensils. Note also the child's hygiene and food safety.

4. Typhus
In medical terms, this is called the health ganggguan typhoid fever. The cause is the bacterium Salmonella typhi. These bugs live in dirty water, contaminated food, and other dirty environments. The incubation period of typhoid average of 7-14 days. Common symptoms are fever with a temperature of 38-39 degrees Celsius, headache, nausea, vomiting, decreased appetite, abdominal pain, diarrhea or even constipation (difficult bowel movements) for several days. Children seem weak and lethargic.

Temperature increases steadily growing every day, for example always before the night or during the day and night always subside. After a week of fever did not go away despite having given a fever, Widal test done to determine whether or not the certainty of typhoid. Usually in the second week of symptoms more pronounced with higher fever, dirty tongue, dry lips, and bloating.

Treatment is done by administering drugs by doctors, get plenty of rest in bed, do not move a lot, and a lot of drinking. Healing time can take two weeks to one month. Patients also dipantang eating high fiber foods, foods also cause a contraction in the gastrointestinal risk, such as spicy or acidic foods. Patients are encouraged to consume high protein foods such as meat, eggs, milk, tofu, tempeh, and others. This can help the immune system so the time was more rapid healing.

Prevention is by typhoid vaccination every three years. Children are taught healthy living such as washing hands before eating and do not snack at random for the children who were older.