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Friday, June 21, 2013

4 Children Subscriptions Disease

World Health Organization (WHO) states, there are four health disorder that often affects children, the flu, sore throat, diarrhea, and typhoid. All of these health disorders related to the immune system. That is, if a weak immune system, children are particularly susceptible to the health problems. Therefore, be aware of these health problems will help the father-mother to keep her children to avoid. There are no health problems that are:

1. Flu
Often referred to as influenza. The cause is influenza virus. Symptoms begin with a cold, fever / high heat, boy chills, sore throat, muscle aches, and my eyes feel hot and red.

Handling:
Most influenza will recover by itself (self-limited disease) as long as the child is resting a lot, take vitamin C, and given to drink that much. So, no need to rush to prescribe antibiotics. Fairly treated according to the symptoms. For example, if a fever, give fever. If cough, give cough medicine.

Prevention:
Given the airborne flu virus or sneezes, the child should wear a mask so that the virus is not transmitted through the air and spray saliva.

2. Laryngitis
Sore throat (pharyngitis) is an infection of the throat actually. Most attacking toddler age children and will attack when the immune system is not good, for example due to lack of rest. This disease is caused by a virus and transmitted through saliva grained (droplet) containing germs in the air and inhaled while breathing.

Symptoms, fever, sore throat, cough, muscle ached, a headache, and the tears, but no red eye. However, if exposed to light, the eyes will feel dazzled. Children usually become less activity, more silent, and sometimes cranky.

Incidence of sore throat fair between 6-7 times per year. If more than that, parents must be vigilant. Typically, this occurs in children who are allergic or less durability. In children with allergic or immune systems are less, susceptible to strep throat.

Handling:
Generally strep throat can heal itself despite not treated, enough with plenty of rest and eat nutritious food. Usually symptomatic drug delivery of drugs to cope with the disturbance. When mild, sore throat need at least 3-5 days to cure. Antibiotics do when encountered sudden fever. There are enlarged lymph nodes around the neck, no detritus (color "white" in the throat), and an increase in white blood cells.

Prevention:
Prevention of sore throat is to keep children of people affected by strep throat. If not possible, the child can use the mask. In addition, provide nutritious food and adequate rest.

3. Diarrhea
Diarrhea when the child is said to defecate (BAB) is more than four times in a span of 24 hours or one CHAPTER diluted and sprayed (diarrhea). Diarrhea is one of the symptoms of the disorder or gastrointestinal infections. Typically, diarrhea associated with low levels of hygiene. The reason could be by rotavirus, bacterial, or material that is not needed by the body. Generally, due to rotavirus in through the mouth. Handling is not necessarily to give anti-diarrhea medication. Let the body remove these things from the body does not need.

Handling:
During the last diarrhea, children should always receive nutrition and fluids. If it was a baby, give breast milk intake. Supply should be more than that released by the body. Also aids with administration of sugar-salt solution or ORS, or ORS special child. Give each child after diarrhea. Administration in children under 2 years 50-100 ml rehydration fluid or liquid household. Children under 10 years old give as much as 100-200 ml of fluid. At age 10 years and over, give as much fluid as desired.

During diarrhea, should avoid fruits, except bananas. Pectin substances in bananas believed to harden stools. How that is done is to prevent children from dehydration and improve endurance. Child's body is expected to be able to destroy its own illness.

If the diarrhea of ​​the day it makes the child look weak, not passionate, BAB is always liquid and sprayed, immediately bolt to the nearest hospital, especially if the mucus or bloody stools (even if only in the form of patches or spots).

Prevention:
Prevention of diarrhea to always maintain personal hygiene and the environment is to get children to wash hands before and after meals. Wash your hands at least 20 seconds using soap and running water. Keep your child's eating and drinking utensils. Note also the child's hygiene and food safety.

4. Typhus
In medical terms, this is called the health ganggguan typhoid fever. The cause is the bacterium Salmonella typhi. These bugs live in dirty water, contaminated food, and other dirty environments. The incubation period of typhoid average of 7-14 days. Common symptoms are fever with a temperature of 38-39 degrees Celsius, headache, nausea, vomiting, decreased appetite, abdominal pain, diarrhea or even constipation (difficult bowel movements) for several days. Children seem weak and lethargic.

Temperature increases steadily growing every day, for example always before the night or during the day and night always subside. After a week of fever did not go away despite having given a fever, Widal test done to determine whether or not the certainty of typhoid. Usually in the second week of symptoms more pronounced with higher fever, dirty tongue, dry lips, and bloating.

Handling:
Treatment is done by administering drugs by doctors, get plenty of rest in bed, do not move a lot, and a lot of drinking. Healing time can take two weeks to one month. Patients also dipantang eating high fiber foods, foods also cause a contraction in the gastrointestinal risk, such as spicy or acidic foods. Patients are encouraged to consume high protein foods such as meat, eggs, milk, tofu, tempeh, and others. This can help the immune system so the time was more rapid healing.

Prevention:
Prevention is by typhoid vaccination every three years. Children are taught healthy living such as washing hands before eating and do not snack at random for the children who were older.